Learn more about traditional timber framing techniques and Framework Plus product offerings with our glossary of terms. These centuries-old construction methods are still used today to create beautiful, modern structures.
This classic type of construction uses large heavy timbers, connected with a system of wooden pegs and holes. In this system, all parts of the structural frame, including the roof trusses, the posts, and the beams, interlock together with no nails, screws, or metal brackets.
This modern adaptation of timber framing uses metal fasteners to connect timbers together. The posts are vertical pieces of wood that support the roof. The beams are horizontal pieces of wood that connect the posts together and form the base of the roof truss. The tie beam is a horizontal piece that runs the length of the house.
A hybrid home allows you to use timber framing in certain parts of the home, like a dramatic great room, while using conventional stick framing to complete the rest of the house. The timber frame portions of a hybrid home usually includes the main living area, and may include an entryway and attached outdoor area as well.
The use of hammer bents is one way that the cathedral ceiling can be added as a beautiful feature in your custom home. The construction of the bent ceiling can be seen in the Westminster Hall, constructed in England in 1395. A bent is a cross section of the home that provides more shape. Two common modern examples are the hammer beam truss and the modified hammer beam truss. According to Vermont Timberworks, “Bents can be modified to almost any style, and different bents can be used in the same building to form L’s, additions, porches and sheds.”
Beautiful woods used in the past are becoming scarcer, and new home construction and renovation projects are now incorporating reclaimed timbers. When beautiful pieces of wood are reclaimed from old buildings, they can be customized by a recycled lumber company for new projects. For example, timbers might be resawn, sanded, surfaced, wire brushed or sand blasted. This option is perfect for building homes with wood you can no longer order from domestic or foreign lumber suppliers.
Accents allow you to add small components of timber framing to add interest and character to your new or existing home. These could include an entryway, interior trusses, or an attached outdoor living patio cover.
The mortise and tenon joint has been used for thousands of years by woodworkers around the world to join pieces of wood, mainly when the adjoining pieces connect at an angle of 90°. In its basic form it is both simple and strong. Although there are many joint variations, the basic mortise and tenon comprises two components: the mortise hole and the tenon. The tenon, formed on the end of a member generally referred to as a rail, is inserted into a square or rectangular hole cut into the corresponding member. The tenon is cut to fit the mortise hole exactly and usually has shoulders that seat when the joint fully enters the mortise hole. The joint may be glued, pinned, or wedged to lock it in place.